This is a page of resources for the Children’s Voting Colloquium, a worldwide online forum for discussing and advancing children’s suffrage.

Online Discussions

Children Voting Colloquium – a new listserve for scholars and activists around the globe to coordinate thinking and activities around advancing children’s voting rights.


Bennett, R. W., “Should Parents Be Given Extra Votes on Account of Their Children: Toward a Conversational Understanding of American Democracy,” 94 Nw. U. L. Rev. 503, 1999-2000.

Bernstein, Jonathan, “The Case for Lowering the Voting Age … to Zero,” New Republic (May 30, 2011).

Buhle, Mary Jo and Paul Buhle, eds., Concise History of Woman Suffrage: Selections from the Classic Work of Stanton, Anthony, Gage, and Harper (Urbana, IL: 1978).

Cabannes, Yves, “Children and young people build a participatory democracy in Latin American cities.” Children, Youth and Environments (2005) 15(2): 185–210.

Campiglio, Luigi, “Children’s Right to Vote: The Missing Link in Modern Democracies,” Sociological Studies of Children and Youth, 2009, Vol. 12, 221-247, p. 222.

Campiglio, Luigi, First, the Women and Children: Why it is Indispensable to Give Political Weight to the Under-Age Ones, Il Mulino, Bologna 2005.

Carballo, Manuel, “Extra Votes for Parents?” Boston Globe, December 17, 1981.

Children’s Rights International Network (CRIN), “Right to Vote.”

Conrad, Stefanie (2009). “Children as Active Citizens: Addressing Discrimination against Children’s Engagement in Political and Civil Society Processes.” Plan International.

Cook, Phillip, “Against a Minimum Voting Age,” Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy (2013) 16.3.

Corak, Miles, TED Talk “Citizenship as a Privilege or as a Right: Should Children be Given the Vote.”

Cummings, Michael, Children’s Voices in Politics (Peter Lang AG: 2020).

De Quetteville, Harry, ‘Germany plans to give vote to babies,’ Daily Telegraph, 9 July, 2008

Demeny, Paul, “Pronatalist Policies in Low-Fertility Countries: Patterns, Performance and Prospects,” Population and Development Review (1986), vol. 12 (supplement): 335-358.

Douglas, Joshua, “In Defense of Lowering the Voting Age,” University of Pennsylvania Law Review, 165 (2017), 63-72.

Douthat, Ross, “Power to the Parents,” New York Times, March 3, 2018.

Farson, Richard, Birthrights: A Bill of Rights for Children (New York: Macmillan Publishing, 1974.

Folkes, Alex (2004). “The Case for Votes at 16.” Representation 41(1): 52–56.

Fletcher, Adam, The Practice of Youth Engagement (CreateSpace Independent Publishing, 2014).

Fletcher, Adam, “My Call to End the Voting Age,”

Franklin, Bob, “Children’s political rights.” In: Franklin B (ed.) The Rights of Children (New York: Basil Blackwell, 1986), 24–53.

Gans, Joshua, “Why It Is Time to Give Children the Right to Vote,” Forbes (April 20, 2012).

Godwin, Samantha, “Children’s Oppression, Rights, and Liberation,” Interdisciplinary Law Review (2011) 247.

Goethe Institute (2010). “The Right to Vote from Birth On?”

Goodin, Robert and Joanne Lau, “Enfranchising Incompetents: Suretyship and the Joint Authorship of Laws,” Ratio, 2011, XXIV.2:154-66.

Hamilton, Vivian, “Democratic Inclusion, Cognitive Development, and the Age of Electoral Majority,” Brooklyn Law Review (2012) 77.4:1447-1513.

Hart, Daniel and James Youniss, Renewing Democracy in Young America (New York: Oxford University Press, 2018).

Hart, Daniel and Robert Atkins, “American Sixteen- and Seventeen-Year-Olds Are Ready to Vote,” Annals, AAPSS 2011, 633:201-222.

Hemchandra, Raychaudhuri, Political History of Ancient India, Calcutta: University of Calcutta, 1972).

Hinrichs, Karl, “Do the Old Exploit the Young? Is Enfranchising Children a Good Idea?” Arch Europ Sociol XLIII.1 (2002):35-58.

Hinze, Jakob, “Does Epistemic Proceduralism Justify the Disenfranchisement of Children?” Journal of Global Ethics 2019.

Holt, John, Escape from Childhood (New York: Penguin, 1975).

Kamijo, Yoshio, et al, “Voting on Behalf of a Future Generation: A Laboratory Experiment,” Sustainability 2019, 11.

Keyssar, Alexander, The Right to Vote: The Contested History of Democracy in the United States, Revised Edition (New York: Basic Books, 2000).

Köhler, Lennart, “Voting Rights for Children,” Dagens Medicin, Nov. 12, 2008.

Koroknay-Palicz, Alex, “Youth Demand a Voice and a Vote,” Wiretap Magazine (May 27, 2003).

Lecce, Steven, “Should Democracy Grow Up? Children and Voting Rights,” Intergenerational Justice Review, 9.4 (2009), 133-139.

López-Guerra, Claudio, Democracy and Disenfranchisement: The Morality of Electoral Exclusions, (New York: Oxford University Press, 2014).

Ludbrook, Robert, “Should Children Have the Right to Vote?” National Children’s and Youth Law Centre, Discussion Paper, 1995.

McCrummen, Stephanie, ‘’Children’s Parliament’ Sets High Bar in Congo: youthful body in a beacon of justice,’ The Washington Post, August 11, 2007.

Modi, Neena, “Votes for a Better Future,”. Arch Dis Child 2020, 105.1:13-14, p. 14.

Modi, Neena, “A Radical Proposal: To Promote Children’s Wellbeing Give Them the Vote,” BMJ 2018:361.

Munn, Nicholas John, “Capacity Testing the Youth: A Proposal for Broader Enfranchisement,” Journal of Youth Studies 15:8, 2012:1048-1062.

Olsson, Stefan, “Children’s Suffrage: A Critique of the Importance of Voters’ Knowledge for the Well-Being of Democracy,” The International Journal of Children’s Rights 16 (2008):55-76.

Parijs, Philippe van,”The Disenfranchisement of the Elderly, and Other Attempts to Secure Intergenerational Justice,” Philosophy and Public Affairs (1999) vol. 27: 292-333.

Patnell, Robert and Maureen Shannon, “Improving Public Policy for Children: A Vote for Each Child,” Intergenerational Justice Review (2009) 9.4:139-143.

Peebles, Graham, “Give Children the Vote, Strengthen Democracy” Counterpunch, January 2019.

Peterson, Paul (1992), “An Immodest Proposal.” Daedalus. Vol. 121 (4/1992), 151-174.

Pevsner, Laurence, “Let Children Vote. Even 13-Year-Olds,” Washington Post, October 27, 2016.

Phillips, Leigh, “Hungarian Mothers May Get Extra Votes for their Children in Elections,” The Guardian (Sunday 17 April, 2011).

Raaflaub, Kurt A., Ober, Josiah, Wallace, Robert W., Origins of Democracy in Ancient Greece (University of California Press, 2007).

Ringen, Stein, “In a Democracy, Children Should Get the Vote,” New York Times (Dec 14, 1996).

Runciman, David, “’The paradox of political representation’, Journal of Political Philosophy 15, 1 (2007), pp. 93–114.

Rutherford, Jane, “One Child, One Vote: Proxies for Parents,” Minnesota Law Review (1998), Vol 82:1463-1525, p. 1495-96.

Sarkar, Jayashri and Blanka Mendoza, ‘Bolivia’s children’s parliament: Bringing participation to the national stage,’ Children, Youth and Environments (2005) 15(2): 227–244.

Sridhar, Lalitha, ‘Bal Sansads: Members of Parliament at 11,’ Infochange: news and analysis of social justice and development issues in India (May 2004).

Umbers, Lachlan Montgomery, “Enfranchising the Youth,” Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy, 2018:1-24.

Vaithianathan, R., R. Aoki and Erwan Sbai, “Support for Franchise Extension for Children: Evidence on Japanese Attitude to Demeny Voting,” CIS DP No. 610, 2013.

Wagner, Markus, David Johann, and Sylvia Kritzinger (2012). “Voting at 16: Turnout and the Quality of Vote Choice.” Electoral Studies 31(2): 372-383.

Wald, Patricia, “Making Sense Out of the Rights of Youth,” Human Rights (1974): 4.1:13-29.

Wall, John, Children’s Rights: Today’s Global Challenge (Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, 2016).

Wall, John, “Why Children and Youth Should Have the Right to Vote: An Argument for Proxy-Claim Suffrage,” Children, Youth and Environments, Vol. 24, No. 1 (2014), pp. 108-123.

Wall, John. Democratizing Democracy: The Road from Women’s to Children’s Suffrage,” International Journal of Human Rights, Special Issue, edited by Sonja Grover (2014) 18.6: 646–659.

Wall, John, “Can Democracy Represent Children? Toward a Politics of Difference,” Childhood: A Journal of Global Child Research 19.1 (February 2012), 19: 86-100.

Wall, John and Anandini Dar, “Children’s Political Representation: The Right to Make a Difference,” International Journal of Children’s Rights 19.4 (December 2011), pp. 595-612.

Wallace, Vita, “Give Children the Vote,” The Nation, October 14, 1991.

Walton, Katherine, Amnesty International UK, “Votes for Children: The Case for Universal Suffrage.”

Wiland, Eric, “One citizen, One Vote,” What’s Wrong? Colorado University Boulder Center for Values and social Policy bog, August 12, 2015.

Wingerden, Sophia A., The Women’s Suffrage Movement in Britain, 1866-1928 (New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1999).

Wolf, Stephan, et al., “Votes on Behalf of Children: A Legitimate Way of Giving Them a Voice in Politics?” Const Polit Econ (2015) 26:356-374.

Yglesias, Matthew, “The case for letting children vote,”, Nov. 2015.